National Palace of Queluz (Palácio de Queluz)

HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL PALACE OF QUELUZ

National Palace of Queluz (Palácio de Queluz - Front Facade)

Work to adapt the existing country house into anything like a palace was carried out between 1742 to 1758 by Mateus Vicente de Oliveira, who previously worked on the palace at Mafra as an apprentice. Following the announcement of the marriage of Prince Pedro to the heir to the throne, Princess Maria, in 1760, construction entered a second and more pressing period. The architect and goldsmith Jean-Baptiste Robillion took over the daunting task of creating a more worthy home fit for royalty. It was Robillion who designed and added the throne room and a pavilion of private chambers. In 1784 Manuel Caetano de Sousa took over the responsibility of construction. He made alterations to the second floor and the private apartments.

Following the fire at the Royal Complex of Ajuda, in 1794, Queluz took over the role of official Royal residence for Queen Maria I and the Prince Regent João VI. Further upgrades to the palace to accommodate the household guards and the court took place. For the poor Queen Maria, the palace was something of a gilded cage. Ever since she became a widow and the death of her oldest son, she was prone to bouts of mania and depression. The Portuguese royal family continued to live there until their departure to Brazil in 1807, to flee Napoleon's troops as they entered Lisbon under the command of General Junot.

The royal departure brought the Palace's golden age to an end. When King João VI and the Portuguese Court returned to Portugal in 1821 Queluz came to be inhabited once more under a regime of semi-exile, by Queen Carlota Joaquina. King Miguel (1802-1866) also lived in the Palace of Queluz, during the bloody and fratricidal wars that he waged against his brother Pedro IV (1798-1834), the first Emperor of Brazil and the first Portuguese constitutional monarch. Immediately after the liberal victory, Miguel died prematurely as a victim of tuberculosis, in the same room where he had been born 36 years previously.

In 1957, the Queen Maria Pavilion, the East wing annexed to the Palace, became the residence for foreign Heads of State during official visits. The Pink Palace at Queluz, over the years, had various uses. During the early 19th century it was even a zoo. The Royal Guard building across the courtyard now serves as a Pousada. The National Palace of Queluz was designated a National Monument in 1910 and has been a member of the Network of European Royal Residences since 2013.

National Palace of Queluz (Palácio de Queluz) - Aerial
Pousada Palácio de Queluz

POUSADA PALÁCIO DE QUELUZ ★ ★ ★ ★

Situated in the building formerly used by the Royal Guard of the Court at the Palace of Queluz, this luxury hotel offers spacious rooms with satellite TV. The air-conditioned rooms at Pousada Palacio de Queluz are individually decorated and feature warm colours and elegant wooden furniture. All rooms have a work desk, a minibar, and an en suite bathroom with a hairdryer. Guests can enjoy authentic Portuguese dishes as well as international cuisine in Pousada Palacio de Queluz‘s restaurant, Cozinha Velha. The bar serves a selection of refreshing drinks and snacks. Room service is available.


Contact Details
Largo Palácio Nacional de Queluz, 2745-191 Queluz, Portugal. | 38° 45' 03.1" N | 09° 15' 27.1" W
+351 214 356 158 | experience.tpds@tivolihotels.com

Check Availability

INTERIOR

National Palace of Queluz (Palácio de Queluz) - The Throne Room

The somewhat unprepossessing main facade of the palace betrays the riches within. The Throne Room, also affectionately called the Big House, is the largest of the three staterooms in the Palace of Queluz and was built to impress. The room is decorated in the regency-rococo style, with carvings by the sculptor-carver Silvestre de Faria Lobo adorning the walls. The figurative paintings emblazoned on the ceiling are the work of the painter João de Freitas Leitão. From the centre of the ceilings, enormous chandeliers hang. Great balls and concerts were held here during the summer months hosted by Pedro and Maria. Today the Throne Room serves as the stage for state banquets hosted by the President of the Republic and other state occasions.

The Ambassadors Room is equally exuberant with decorative painted ceilings by Bruno José do Vale and Francisco de Melo. The painting of the central panel has a highly scenographic effect and depicts the royal family participating in a serenade. This is a replica of the original canvas attributed to the Italian painter Giovanni Berardi. The original was concluded in 1762 but sadly destroyed in the 1934 fire, which damaged this wing of the palace. In front of two regal thrones, there's a distinctive chequered marble floor over which, in times past, dignitaries would have traversed to kiss the hand of the Prince Regent. Large ornate mirrors hand on the walls and reflect the glint of gold gilding.

The palace kitchens remain well preserved and are now home to the Cozinha Velha restaurant, owned by the Pousada. A massive stone fireplace is the main centrepiece around which the tables are arranged under a vaulted wooden ceiling. The walls are decorated with the original copper cooking utensils. A meal at the restaurant is a perfect way to immerse yourself in the past. The desserts served here are made to original convent recipes. | Daily: 12h30 - 15h00pm/19h30 - 22h00

Contact Details
Largo do Palácio Nacional, 2745-191, Queluz, Portugal.
38° 46' 19.2" N | 09° 17' 31.2" W | +351 214 356 158
guest@pousadas.pt |  Website

ONLINE TICKET | With this entrance ticket you can gain entry to the Palace of Queluz and Gardens at your leisure. Buy online before you arrive to avoid queues and have the convenience of the e-ticket on your phone…
online ticket

National Palace of Queluz (Palácio de Queluz) - Kitchens
Private Day Tour: Sintra, Cascais and Queluz Palace from Lisbon

Private Day Tour: Sintra, Cascais and Queluz Palace from Lisbon

Allow yourself to be seduced by the architectural beauty of Sintra on a private full-day tour departing from Lisbon. Delve into the opulent chambers of the Queluz National Palace before heading to the UNESCO-listed village of Sintra. After ascending Sintra Mountain, you’ll encounter Pena National Palace and then gaze at the Atlantic Ocean from Cabo da Roca, Europe’s westernmost point. Conclude your private tour with free time in the charming coastal village of Cascais before being returned to your accommodation.


Check Availability

Sintra Palaces Tour with Pena Palace and Quinta da Regaleira

Sintra Palaces Tour with Pena Palace and Quinta da Regaleira

Discover the wonders of Lisbon during this full-day, small-group guided tour of Lisbon and Sintra. First, meet your friendly local guide in Lisbon and head by minivan to its top landmarks and the Belém neighbourhood, where you can catch sight of the Monastery of Jeronimos. Learn about Lisbon’s fascinating history and snap some memorable photos. Refuel by tasting traditional Portuguese dishes. Then, head to the beautiful village of Sintra. Stroll the scenic grounds of Quinta da Regaleira and Pena Palace before returning to Lisbon. This tour is limited to a small group for a personalised excursion.

Check Availability

Private Sintra from Lisbon with Wine Tasting and Queluz Palace

Private Sintra from Lisbon with Wine Tasting and Queluz Palace

No visit to Lisbon is complete without seeing Sintra. Explore the area with ease on a private 8-hour tour that includes wine tasting. Departing Lisbon, you’ll visit picture-perfect landmarks such as Queluz Palace, the National Palace of Sintra, and the Castle of the Moors. Plus, you will explore two UNESCO World Heritage sites — Pena National Palace and Sintra’s historic centre — before stopping at a Colares wine cellar. Hotel pickup and drop-off are included.



Check Availability

THE GARDENS AT QUELUZ PALACE

National Palace of Queluz (Palácio de Queluz) - Gardens
Often referred to as the "Versailles of Portugal", the gardens at Queluz are exuberant. They contain statues inspired by characters derived from classical mythology. They stand along paths laid out in various parterre gardens, such as the Hanging Garden and the Malta Garden, in an assemblage of designs. A series of avenues radiate from the main building, which, in turn, are linked to others, forming a complex geometrical grid containing lakes and water features where paths intersect. The largest water feature is the Medallions Lake created by the French architect Jean-Baptiste Robillion in 1764 and takes the form of a star-like octagon. The main feature of the principal parterre is the "Portico dos Cavalinhos", a garden temple flanked by two figurative equestrian statues and two sphinxes oddly dressed in 18th-century costume.

As well as the French style, there's an influence of Flemish design with the addition of canals. The largest of which lies at the foot of the Lion's Staircase. Over 100 metre long with walls decorated with tiled panels depicting seascapes and associated scenes. During the 18th century, the canals were the setting for festivals where fully rigged ships would sail in processions.
Founded in 1979, the Portuguese School of Equestrian Art is a continuation of the Real Picaria, the equestrian academy of the Portuguese Court, first established in the 18th century at Queluz. Its continuing mission is to preserve the teaching, practice and promotion of traditional Portuguese equestrian art. The famous Lusitano breed of a horse reared at the Alter Real Stud Farm and trained here. Performances and training sessions are open to the general public at the Henrique Calado Riding Ring in Belém, Lisbon.

Presentations Tuesdays - Saturdays (except the last Saturday of each month): 10h00 - 13h00
Gala Last Friday of each month (with some exceptions)

Contact Details
Henrique Calado Riding Ring, Calçada da Ajuda, 1300-006, Belém, Lisbon, Portugal.
38° 42' 01.5"N | 09° 11' 59.8"W | +351 219 237 300
info@parquesdesintra.pt |  Website

The Portuguese School of Equestrian Art
Queluz Palace

Palace & Gardens – Adult: €10.00, Concessionary: €8.50, Infant: FREE.
Gardens Only – Adult: €5.00, Concessionary: €3.50, Infant: FREE.

Lisbon Card Lisbon Card: 15% discount


ONLINE TICKET | With this entrance ticket you can gain entry to the Palace of Queluz and Gardens at your leisure. Buy online before you arrive to avoid queues and have the convenience of the e-ticket on your phone…

Low Season, Daily: 09h00 - 18h00, (last admission at 17h00)
High Season Daily: 09h00 - 19h00, (last admission at 18h00)

TRAVELLING TO THE QUELUZ PALACE

Queluz Palace is located half way between Lisbon and Sintra, about ten miles (16km) and is easy accessible by public transport from both places.

From Lisbon or Sintra take the IC19 and exit at 'Queluz – Palácio' and keep on following the signs.

Urban train services (comboios urbanos) from Lisbon's central train station Rossio and Sintra are regular and reliable. If coming from Lisbon alight at Queluz-Belas and if you are coming from Sintra, get off at Monte Abraão. There's a 15-20 minute walk to the Palace from both stations.
• Azambuja/Lisboa/Sintra line Timetable | Website

Vimeca run services between Lisbon and Queluz:
• 101: Lisbon (Colégio Militar) - Tercena, alight at Estação Queluz/Massamá, 15 minutes walk to the Palace.

• 106: Lisbon Falagueira - Carcavelos (Praia), alight at Estação Queluz/Massamá, roughly 15 minutes walk to the Palace

Website & Timetables


Contact Details
Largo Palácio de Queluz, 2745-191 Queluz, Portugal.
38° 46' 19.2" N | 09° 17' 31.2" W | +351 219 237 300
info@parquesdesintra.pt |  Website