Work to adapt the existing country house into anything like a palace was carried out between 1742 to 1758 by Mateus Vicente de Oliveira, who previously worked on the palace at Mafra as an apprentice. Following the announcement of the marriage of Prince Pedro to the heir to the throne, Princess Maria, in 1760, construction entered a second and more pressing period. The architect and goldsmith Jean-Baptiste Robillion took over the daunting task of creating a more worthy home fit for royalty. It was Robillion who designed and added the throne room and a pavilion of private chambers. In 1784 Manuel Caetano de Sousa took over the responsibility of construction. He made alterations to the second floor and the private apartments.
Following the fire at the Royal Complex of Ajuda, in 1794, Queluz took over the role of official Royal residence for Queen Maria I and the Prince Regent João VI. Further upgrades to the palace to accommodate the household guards and the court took place. For the poor Queen Maria, the palace was something of a gilded cage. Ever since she became a widow and the death of her oldest son, she was prone to bouts of mania and depression. The Portuguese royal family continued to live there until their departure to Brazil in 1807, to flee Napoleon's troops as they entered Lisbon under the command of General Junot.
The royal departure brought the Palace's golden age to an end. When King João VI and the Portuguese Court returned to Portugal in 1821 Queluz came to be inhabited once more under a regime of semi-exile, by Queen Carlota Joaquina. King Miguel (1802-1866) also lived in the Palace of Queluz, during the bloody and fratricidal wars that he waged against his brother Pedro IV (1798-1834), the first Emperor of Brazil and the first Portuguese constitutional monarch. Immediately after the liberal victory, Miguel died prematurely as a victim of tuberculosis, in the same room where he had been born 36 years previously.
In 1957, the Queen Maria Pavilion, the East wing annexed to the Palace, became the residence for foreign Heads of State during official visits. The Pink Palace at Queluz, over the years, had various uses. During the early 19th century it was even a zoo. The Royal Guard building across the courtyard now serves as a Pousada. The National Palace of Queluz was designated a National Monument in 1910 and has been a member of the Network of European Royal Residences since 2013.
With this entrance ticket you can gain entry to the Palace of Queluz at your leisure. Book with confidence with FREE CANCELLATION. Buy online before you arrive to avoid queues and have the convenience of the e-ticket on your phone…
• Entrance to the National Palace of Queluz
• Entrance to the Palace Gardens
• The price includes a single entrance to the venue. Tiqets covers the cost of payment processing and provides you with customer service seven days a week.
• It is strictly forbidden to eat and smoke inside the Palace and grounds
• Kids under 6 get in free and don't need a ticket
• Reduced tickets for children 6-18 and seniors 65+ are available onsite
Low Season, Daily: 09h00 - 18h00, (last admission at 17h00)
High Season Daily: 09h00 - 19h00, (last admission at 18h00)
The somewhat unprepossessing main facade of the palace betrays the riches within. The Throne Room, also affectionately called the Big House, is the largest of the three staterooms in the Palace of Queluz and was built to impress. The room is decorated in the regency-rococo style, with carvings by the sculptor-carver Silvestre de Faria Lobo adorning the walls. The figurative paintings emblazoned on the ceiling are the work of the painter João de Freitas Leitão. From the centre of the ceilings, enormous chandeliers hang. Great balls and concerts were held here during the summer months hosted by Pedro and Maria. Today the Throne Room serves as the stage for state banquets hosted by the President of the Republic and other state occasions.
The Ambassadors Room is equally exuberant with decorative painted ceilings by Bruno José do Vale and Francisco de Melo. The painting of the central panel has a highly scenographic effect and depicts the royal family participating in a serenade. This is a replica of the original canvas attributed to the Italian painter Giovanni Berardi. The original was concluded in 1762 but sadly destroyed in the 1934 fire, which damaged this wing of the palace. In front of two regal thrones, there's a distinctive chequered marble floor over which, in times past, dignitaries would have traversed to kiss the hand of the Prince Regent. Large ornate mirrors hand on the walls and reflect the glint of gold gilding.
The palace kitchens remain well preserved and are now home to the Cozinha Velha restaurant, owned by the Pousada. A massive stone fireplace is the main centrepiece around which the tables are arranged under a vaulted wooden ceiling. The walls are decorated with the original copper cooking utensils. A meal at the restaurant is a perfect way to immerse yourself in the past. The desserts served here are made to original convent recipes. | Daily: 12h30 - 15h00pm/19h30 - 22h00
Largo do Palácio Nacional, 2745-191, Queluz, Portugal.
38° 46' 19.2" N | 09° 17' 31.2" W | +351 214 356 158
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Queluz Palace is located half way between Lisbon and Sintra, about ten miles (16km) and is easy accessible by public transport from both places.
From Lisbon or Sintra take the IC19 and exit at 'Queluz – Palácio' and keep on following the signs.
Urban train services (comboios urbanos) from Lisbon's central train station Rossio and Sintra are regular and reliable. If coming from Lisbon alight at Queluz-Belas and if you are coming from Sintra, get off at Monte Abraão. There's a 15-20 minute walk to the Palace from both stations.
Vimeca run services between Lisbon and Queluz: